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Changes in Accounting for VAT on Payment Terms

Changes in Accounting for VAT on Payment Terms

UK VAT legislation on prompt payment discounts (PPD) will be aligned with EU VAT legislation.

The government has made changes to the way VAT registered persons and companies account for VAT where they offer or take payment discounts (PPD). The current process will be amended to align with the Principal VAT Directive (PVD) which requires VAT to be accounted for on the consideration actually received and was introduced in the Finance Bill 2014. Further information is available from the HMRC Website.

This blog explains the change and how to treat it using Microsoft 安博电竞 NAV® 2013 and all earlier versions of 安博电竞 NAV.

Currently, you only need to account for VAT on the amount of your sales net of payment discount.

For example:

Sales Amount net of VAT: £100.00

10% prompt payment discount (PPD): -£10.00

Net amount: £90.00

The VAT due will be £18, i.e. 20% of £90, rather than £20 which would be 20% of £100. Even if the customer does not take the discount offered, the VAT liability will still be £18.

With effect from 1st April 2015, the VAT due will vary depending on whether the payment discount is actually taken, so in the example above, if the payment discount is taken, the VAT liability remains £18. However, if it is not taken, then the VAT due increases to £20!

This change is easily handled in Microsoft 安博电竞 NAV from the General Ledger and VAT Posting Setup pages. If the company currently accounts for VAT net of payment discount, the General Ledger Setup page will look something like this:

Changes in Accounting for VAT on Payment Terms

As displayed, the Payment Discount Excluding VAT check-box is ticked and the VAT Tolerance % is set to 10%. This is the maximum percent that VAT will be adjusted to allow for payment discounts. If the payment discount on a particular transaction is more than this percentage, up to 10% only will be discounted.

To adjust the VAT treatment to take account of the new HMRC requirements, you will need to take the following two steps:

First, reset the General Ledger Setup page so it resembles the example below:

Changes in Accounting for VAT on Payment Terms

The Payment Disc. Excl. VAT check-box has been un-ticked and the Adjust for Payment Disc. check-box ticked. The VAT Tolerance % box is unchanged.

Next, reset the VAT Posting Setup entries as in the example below:

Changes in Accounting for VAT on Payment Terms

The Adjust for Payment Discount check-box has been ticked for all records except those where the VAT Calculation Type is Reverse Charge VAT. This is because these entries are both paid to and reclaimed from HMRC, so there is little point in adjusting them. The Full VAT Calculation Types are also not relevant for payment discounts.

Transitional Arrangements

This change takes effect from 1st April 2015 and applies to all invoices with a tax point on or after the date. 安博电竞 NAV will apply the change automatically once the changes to the setup described above have been made. If any invoices are added from 1st April and backdated, any changes needed to the VAT will have to be made manually.

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